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last updated 08-Sep-2021
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News articles, special reports, and legal documents related to international terrorist organizations (ITOs) originating in and/or operating in Europe. We currently focus on recent, post-9/11, terrorist attacks in countries such as Bulgaria, France, Greece, and the United Kingdon (including Northern Ireland). We cover terrorist groups such as the Armed Islamic Group (GIA), the Real IRA, the Revolutionary Nuclei, and Hizballah. Please browse the other sections to identify terrorist groups operating across regions.




BARCELONA LAS RAMBLAS ATTACK - Barcelona, Thursday, August 17, 2017 - A van driven at speed ploughs into crowds at the popular tourist destination Las Ramblas, killing 15 people and injuring dozens.

Barcelona attack: police officers at scene after suspect shot dead – video. The Guardian, August 21, 2017: VIDEO

Barcelona attack: Suspects were planning to bomb Sagrada Familia and other major monuments. By Martin Evans James Badcock, The Telegraph, August 22, 2017: TEXT | PICTURES | VIDEO

Who are the Barcelona suspects? Police believe the young men were brought together and radicalised in Ripoll by a local imam with suspected terrorist links. BBC News, August 22, 2017: TEXT | PICTURES

Lo que se sabe del atentado en Barcelona y Cambrils. El ataque terrorista que ha dejado 15 muertos y decenas de heridos en Cataluña fue obra de una célula yihadista de 12 personas. Por Guiomar del Ser, El Pais, Agosto 23, 2017: TEXTO | FOTOS


French police arrest suspect after car ploughs into soldiers patrolling Paris. The suspect ‘deliberately’ rammed his car into a group of soldiers, injuring six of them, in an upmarket Parisian suburb. Francer 14, August 10, 2017: TEXT | PICTURE


LONDON BRIDGE ATTACK - London Bridge and Borough Market, London UK, June 3, 2017 - A white van driving at about 50mph struck pedestrians on London Bridge; then continued toward Borough Market where it crashed; then attackers Khuram Butt, Rachid Redouane, and Youssef Zaghba jumped out of the vehicle stabbing people at random. Three people were killed and 48 injured.

Within eight minutes suspects were dead: timeline of the London Bridge attack. Police say they received the first call to an incident on London Bridge at 10.08pm and by 10.16pm three armed attackers had been shot dead. The Guardian, June 4, 2017: MULTIMEDIA

'It was a rampage': witnesses describe horror of London terrorist attacks. Witnesses report seeing attackers stabbing people along Stoney Street near the restaurants Brindisa, El Pastor, Roast and Black & Blue. The suspects were wearing what looked like explosive vests but these were later established to be fake. The Guardian, June 4, 2017: MULTIMEDIA

Who were the attackers? Khuram Butt, Rachid Redouane and Youssef Zaghba stabbed revellers in Borough Market, shouting: "This is for Allah," and wearing hoax bomb belts. BBC News, June 7, 2017: MULTIMEDIA


MANCHESTER CONCERT ATTACK - Manchester, UK, May 22, 2017 - At 10.31pm suicide bomber Salman Abedi detonated an explosive device in the foyer of Manchester Arena at the time crowds (including many children) were leaving the venue after the end of an Ariana Grande concert. 22 people died and about 120 were injured.

What happened in the Manchester terror attack: Everything we know so far. Manchester Evening News, May 25, 2017: MULTIMEDIA

Manchester Attack: Terror at the Arena. Tina Daheley reports; hears from concert attenders and parents, and investigates the community context and the extremist Islamist links behind the mass murder committed by the suspected suicide bomber, BBC ONE: Panorama, May 29, 2017: TV


All of the devastating terror attacks since Charlie Hebdo (February 7-9, 2015). By Ashitha Nagesh, Metro, May 23, 2017: TEXT | PICTURES


One policeman, one attacker killed in Champs-Élysées shooting in Paris. A statement from the Islamic State group, published by its propaganda agency Amaq, said the attacker was "one of the Islamic State's fighters." France24, April 21, 2017: TEXT | vIDEOS


BERLIN CHRISTMAS MARKET ATTACK - Berlin, Germany, December 19, 2016 - A lorry driven by Tunisian attacker Anis Amri smashed into a crowded Christmas market in central Berlin, killing 12 and injuring at least 49 people.

Berlin lorry attack: What we know. So-called Islamic State (IS) has said one of its "soldiers" carried out the attack on Breitscheidplatz Christmas market, without offering evidence. BBC News, December 24, 2016: MULTIMEDIA

Berlin attack: an overview in pictures. "Our investigators are working on the assumption that the truck was deliberately steered into the crowd at the Christmas market," police said on Twitter. Deutsche Welle, December 20, 2016: PICTURES

Inquiry accuses police of 'sloppiness' in Anis Amri case. Almost a year after Amri drove a truck into a Berlin Christmas market, startling police "failures" in the case have come to light. An investigator said he could not fathom why the killer was not under surveillance. Deutsche Welle, October 10, 2017: MULTIMEDIA


NORMANDY PRIEST ATTACK - Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray, France, July 26, 2016 - Two attackers (Adel Kermiche and Abdel-Malik Nabil Petitjean) interrupted a religious service in a church and executed a priest with a blade, held five people hostage, and seriously wounded a hostage before being shot dead by police.

Murder of a priest: how the horror unfolded as two Islamic State terrorists took church by storm. They had come armed with knives, an old pistol which did not work, and a “fake package” that appeared as if it contained explosives, according to a source close to the investigation. By Robert Mendick, Saphora Smith, and David Chazan, The Telegraph, July 26, 2016: TEXT | VIDEOS

Pope Francis on priest killing: World is at war, but it's not a religious one. "The world is at war because it has lost peace," he said By Tim Hume, Margot Haddad and Alexander Felton, CNN, July 27, 2016: TEXT | VIDEOS

Normandy horror attack priest's church donated land to build mosque, reveals Down monk who knew Fr Jacques Hamel. Despite the attack, the cleric said Catholics and Muslims in Saint-Etienne-du-Rouvray, the town in Normandy where Fr Hamel died, got on well with one another. By Una Brankin, The Belfast Telegraph, July 28, 2016: TEXT | PICTURES


MUNICH SHOOTING - Munich, Germany, July 22, 2016. Lone shooter, 18-year-old Iranian-German Ali Sonboly, kills 9 and injures 27 people at the Olympia shopping centre in central Munich.

Munich attack: city in lockdown after shooting leaves at least nine dead. Munich was in lockdown on Friday night after a gunman killed at least eight people at the the Olympia einkaufszentrum (shopping centre) in central Munich. By Emma Graham-Harrison, Janek Schmidt, and Kate Connolly, The Guardin, July 22, 2016: MULTIMEDIA

Munich gunman fixated on mass killing, had no Islamist ties. "Based on the searches, there are no indications whatsoever that there is a connection to Islamic State" or to the issue of refugees Munich police chief Hubertus Andrae said, By Joern Poltz and karin Strohecker, Reuters, July 24, 2016: TEXT | VIDEO


NICE TRUCK ATTACK - Nice, France, July 14, 2016. A truck driven by Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel plunged into crowds along Nice's famous Promenade des Anglais celebrating Bastille Day , killing over 84 people and injuring over 200.

Truck attack in Nice: what we know so far. The large white truck plunged into the crowd at around 11:00pm (2100 GMT) Thursday night as hundreds of people were on Nice's beachfront Promenade des Anglais to watch the fireworks for France's national day. France 24, July 15, 2016: TEXT | VIDEOS

Nice terrorist attack on Bastille Day: everything we know so far on Sunday 17 July. Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel opened fire on the crowd before police shot him dead, said the regional president in Nice Christian Estrosi, whilst two guns, a number of fake weapons and grenades were discovered in the vehicle. By Barney Henderson and Rozina Sabur, The Telegraph, July 17, 2016: MULTIMEDIA

Attacker in Nice Plotted for Months and Had Accomplices, French Prosecutor Says. Prosecutor François Molins confirmed that Lahouaiej Bouhlel “benefited from support and complicity in the preparation and carrying out of his criminal act.” By Aurelien Breeden, The New York Times, July 21, 2016: TEXT | PICTURE


BRUSSELS AIRPORT AND METRO TERRORIST ATTACKS - Brussels, Belgium, March 22, 2016. Twin blasts at the main terminal of Zaventem international airport and another explosion at the Maelbeek metro station killed at least 34 people and wounded over 300.

Brussels attacks: Zaventem and Maelbeek bombs kill many. Blasts hit Zaventem airport at about 07:00 GMT and Maelbeek metro station an hour later. The Islamic State group said it was behind the attacks in a statement issued on the IS-linked Amaq agency. BBC News, March 22, 2016: MULTIMEDIA | What we know about airport and metro attacks: MULTIMEDIA

Brussels attacks: 34 killed and hundreds wounded as Islamic State claims responsibility for airport and Metro bombings. By David Lawler and Danny Boyle, The Telegraph, March 22, 2016: MULTIMEDIA

Timeline: how terror came to Brussels. Belgium has suffered its worst peacetime attack, months after warning that terrorists were about to strike the capital with a Paris-style atrocity. Channel 4 News, March 22, 2016: TEXT | PICTURES

Two brothers behind Belgium bombings: Khalid and Brahim el-Bakraoui, Belgian nationals. BBC News, March 23, 2016: MULTIMEDIA

Turkey says Brussels attacker deported in 2015. President Tayyip Erdogan told a news conference that Ibrahim El Bakraou was detained in the southern Turkish province of Gaziantep near the Syrian border and was later deported to the Netherlands. Reuters, March 23, 2016: TEXT | PICTURE


Timeline to 2015: 20 years of terror attacks, mostly in Europe, that shook the west. The attacks on the French capital in 2014 are only the latest in a series of terror attacks linked to Islamist groups over the past 20 years By David Batty, The Guardian, November 14, 2015: TEXT


PARIS TERRORIST ATTACKS - Paris, France, November 13, 2015. At least 130 were killed and 350 wounded in synchronized attacks across the French capital. | Linked terrorist activity unfolding from this attack in at least Belgium and Germany.

How the terror attacks in Paris unfolded. In the space of a few minutes, Paris was rocked by six deadly assaults. By Daniel Boffey and Henry Zeffman, The Guardian, November 14, 2015: MULTIMEDIA

Timeline of Paris attacks according to public prosecutor. Reuters, November 14, 2015: TEXT

Militants may have spent as little as $7,500 on Paris attacks. Reuters, November 21, 2015: TEXT | PICTURE


Terrorists 'planned to detonate three bombs inside German stadium.' Security official says tip-off from French led to last-minute cancellation of last week’s Germany-Netherlands football friendly in Hanover. By Ben Knight, The Guardian, November 22, 2015: TEXT | PICTURE | VIDEO


Paris attacks were carried out by three groups tied to Islamic State, official says. “We are facing an act of war organized by an army of terrorist jihadists that had already organized and planned attacks in the past,” French Prime Minister Manuel Valls said Saturday evening. By Anthony Faiola and Souad Mekhennet, The Washington Post, November 15, 2015: TEXT | PICTURES

Brussels in lockdown after terror threat level is raised to maximum. Shops close, football is cancelled and people are urged to stay home as army patrols streets in face of ‘serious and imminent threat’ of Paris-style attack. By Ian Traynor, The Guardian, November 21, 2015: MULTIMEDIA

Capture of Paris terror suspect in Brussels unfolded over several watchful days. Belgian authorities charge Salah Abdeslam with “participation in terrorist murder” and in terrorist activities. By James McAuley, Michael Birnbaum and Souad Mekhennet, The Washington Post, March 19, 2016: TEXT | PICTURES


DENMARK, SHOOTING - COPENHAGEN, DENMARK, February 14, 2015. Film director Finn Nørgaard and subsequently a Jewish security guard were killed and three police officers were wounded after Omar el-Hussein opened lauinched gun attacks on the Krudttønden cafe in the Østerbro district and outside a synagogue.

Copenhagen attacks: what we know so far. From the first attack at a cafe to a gunfight between the suspect and the police. By Nadia Khomami and Lars Eriksen, The Guardian, February 15, 2015: MULTIMEDIA

Copenhagen shooting suspect Omar el-Hussein – a past full of contradictions. Believed to have been born in Copenhagen to Palestinian parents who left a refugee camp in Jordan to come to Denmark, he spoke fluent Danish and Arabic. By Angelique Chrisafis, The Guardian, February 16, 2015: TEXT | PICTURE


CHARLIE HEBDO TERRORIST ATTACKs - Paris, France, February 7-9, 2015. At least three armed gunmen attacked the offices of satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo on February 7, 2015, killing 12 including eight journalists and two policemen. Subsequently, two sieges at a printworks and a kosher supermarket that ended with the deaths of three gunmen.

Hunt for gunman in Charlie Hebdo attack: What we know. A witness to the attack said "two black-hooded men" entered the building with Kalashnikov rifles, adding: "A few minutes later we heard lots of shots." By Oliver Duggan, The Telegraph, February 7, 2015: TEXT | VIDEO

Charlie Hebdo Paris attacks: A timeline of events. Timeline of three days of terror attacks in Paris and beyond, from the Charlie Hebdo shootings to a siege at a kosher supermarket. By Keely Lockhart, and Reuters, The Telegraph, February 12, 2015: TEXT | VIDEO

Astonishing pictures emerge of hostages being freed at end of Paris siege. The Telegraph, February 9, 2015: PICTURES

Charlie Hebdo suspects on US terrorist watchlist ‘for years.’ France under pressure to explain how brothers Saïd Kouachi and Chérif Kouachi were not stopped despite being known to security services. By Jason Burke, The Guardian, February 9, 2015: MULTIMEDIA

.Automatic rifles used in Paris attacks traced to shop in Slovakia The weapons used in the attacks which killed 17 people in three incidents over three days in Paris may have been reportedly legally bought in Slovakia. By y Henry Samuel, The Telegraph, February 18, 2015: MULTIMEDIA


JEWISH MUSEUM GUN ATTACK - Brussels, Belgium, May 24, 2014. An attacker who arrived by car, fired on people at the museum entrance, then sped away.

Brussels fatal gun attack at Jewish museum. A gunman has shot dead two men and a woman at the Jewish Museum in the Belgian capital Brussels. BBC News, May 24, 2014: MULTIMEDIA

Jewish museum attack leaves three dead in Brussels. Joëlle Milquet, the Belgian interior minister, said it was too early to say whether it was an antisemitic attack but the target suggested "there are strong grounds for presuming so." By Nadia Khomami, The Observer, 25 May 25, 2014: TEXT | PICTURE

Brussels Jewish Museum shooting: suspect with Islamist links arrested. Mehdi Nemmouche from Roubaix, was arrested on Friday during a chance check by customs agents searching for illicit drugs at the main Marseille bus station. By Anne Penketh, The Guardian, June 1, 2014: TEXT | CCTV IMAGE

French suspect in Brussels Jewish museum attack spent year in Syria. On leaving Syria, Mehdi Nemmouche covered his tracks by flying to Malaysia and Singapore before returning to Europe. By Anne Penketh, The Guardian, June 1, 2014: TEXT | PICTURE


ATTACK ON LONDON TRANSPORT SYSTEM (Aldgate, Edgware Road, Russell Square and Tavistock Square) - July 7, 2005. Four suicide bombers attacked central London, killing 52 people and injuring hundreds more.

Coroner's Inquest into the London Bombings of 7 July 2005. ".I sat without a jury and have given verdicts of unlawful killing, with the medical cause of deaths recorded as “injuries caused by an explosion”, in respect of each of the deceased. ... 7. For the purposes of this report I can say without a shadow of a doubt that the four men who detonated the bombs and therefore murdered the fifty two innocent people were Mohammed Siddique Khan (“Khan”), Shehzad Tanweer, Jermaine Lindsay and Hasib Hussain. H.M. Coroner, London, Stationery Office, May 6, 2011: ARCHIVED CONTENT HTML | PDF (Full report)

7 July timeline: Story of the attacks. Photographs used may not have been taken at the exact time they appear in the timeline. However, they do represent a snapshot of what was happening around that time. BBC News, May 5, 2011: MULTIMEDIA

Profile: Mohammad Sidique Khan. Khan's journey to suicide almost certainly started as a fund-raiser for the Pakistani mujahideen, collecting cash in communities and handing it over to higher-level contacts who would organise its shipment across the world. BBC News, March 2, 2011: TEXT | PICTURES | VIDEO


Putin creates new National Guard in Russia 'to fight terrorism'. The force will be formed of interior ministry troops and led by Mr Putin's former bodyguard, Viktor Zolotov, who will report directly to the president. BBC News, April 6, 2016: TEXT | PICTURE

Police foil 'Mumbai-style' terrorist plot in London, say security sources. A British 28-year-old of Azerbaijani origin was arrested at Westbourne Grove, west London, and another British national of Pakistani origin was arrested at a block of flats in Peckham, south-west London. By Duncan Gardham , The Guardian, October 14, 2013: TEXT | PICTURE

Algerian-born Irish citizen wanted in the U.S. for 'aided terror attack bid.' Ali Charaf Damache faces extradition and possible 45 years in prison for plots involving Colleen LaRose (aka Jihad Jane). Irish Central, September 12, 2013: TEXT | PHOTO





Armed Islamic Group (GIA)


Who is the 'Uncatchable' one-eyed jihadi Mokhtar Belmokhtar? The mastermind behind the 2013 attack on an Algerian gas plant has been killed in a US air strike, according to Libyan authorities. By AFP, The Telegraph: TEXT | PICTURE

Algerian Rachid Ramda jailed for Paris blasts that killed eight and injured 150. Rachid Ramda was jailed for a minimum of 22 years for his role in blasts in three Paris Metro stations in 1995. By Mark Lowen, BBC News, October 26, 2007: TEXT | DRAW

UK sends back Metro bomb accused Rachid Ramda. The 35-year-old had fought deportation for 10 years, and was the UK's longest-serving extradition prisonerBBC News, December 1, 2005: TEXT | PICTURE



Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA)


ETA asegura que ya es una organización “desarmada.” En una carta remitida a la BBC, la banda terrorista dice que ha entregado todo su armamento pero evita aludir a una posible disolución. El Pais, April 7, 2017: TEXT

Exclusive: Eta documents reveal details of weapons dumps as group disarms. Arms dumps include 118 guns, nearly 3,000kg of explosive materials and more than 25,000 rounds of ammunition. By Giles Tremlett, The Guardian, April 8. 2017: TEXT | PICTURE

Hope and Fear Await a Basque Leader on His Release From Prison. Arnaldo Otegi has been in and out of Spanish courts and prisons for three decades for his links to ETA. By Raphael Minderfeb. New York Times, February 29, 2016: TEXT | PICTURE

The two top leaders of ETA arrested in raid in French Pyrenees on terrorism charges. Spain's Interior Ministry said that David Pla and Iratxe Sorzabal were detained in a rural house in the town of Saint-Etienne-de-Baigorry. By Associated Press, September 22, 2015: TEXT | PICTURE

Basque Separatists Halt Campaign of Violence. ETA declared a unilateral end to its campaign of bombings and shootings via a written statement and an accompanying video posted online. By John F. Burnsoct, New York Times, October 20, 2011: TEXT

Basque ETA chief arrested. The top suspect was identified as Ibon Gogeascoechea Arronategui, 54. wanted for the murder of a police officer and a fugitive for 12 years. Al Goodman, CNN, February 28, 2010: TEXT | PICTURE

Basque Terrorist Group Marks 50th Anniversary with New Attacks. Over 40 people were injured by a bomb in the northern city of Burgos on July 29, and two civil guards were killed in Majorca the next day. By Lisa Abend, Time, July 31, 2009: TEXT | PICTURE



Continuity Irish Republican Army (CIRA)


Extensive sale of illegal cigarettes by gangs. Several organised crime groups involved in the trade as well as dissidents from CIRA or RIRA. By Cormac O'Keeffe, Irish Examiner, February 10, 2016: TEXT

Continuity IRA claims responsibility for Dublin boxing weigh-in shooting at Regency Hotel. A gang of armed men wearing "police-style" uniforms and carrying AK47s stormed the Regency Hotel in Dublin and opened fire on Friday. Belfast Telegraph, February 8, 2016: TEXT | PICTURES

CIRA vows to execute top criminals. The Continuity IRA has threatened to execute “drug dealers and criminals” if they try to harm members of its organisation. By Stephen Rogers, Irish Examiner, April 18, 2014: TEXT



Hizballah (Party of God)


Arab League brands Hezbollah a terrorist organisation. The Arab League, dominated by Sunni Muslim countries, said the decision had been near unanimous. BBC News, March 11, 2016: TEXT | PICTURES

Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak: Hezbollah carried out Bulgaria bus blast (video). The bombing of an Israeli tourist bus in eastern Bulgaria was probably carried out by a male suicide bomber with fake US documents, according to offiicials. Barak said Lebanese Hezbollah was the direct perpetrator, under Iran's auspices. BBC News, July 19, 2012: click here



Islamic Jihad Union (IJU)


Islamic Jihad Union Threatens Attacks Outside Germany. The German Interior Ministry said that an Internet announcement by the Islamic Jihad Union (IJU) that it had plotted to bomb US and Uzbek targets in Germany was being treated as genuine. Spiegel, September 12, 2007: TEXT | PICTURE



Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG)


> No recent activity to report when last updated



Moroccan Islamic Combatant Group (GICM)


Two former Guantánamo inmates arrested in Belgium on terror charges. Police acted after monitoring the activities of Moussa Zemmouri, who was locked up in Guantánamo from 2001 to 2005 on suspicion of belonging to GICM. By AFP, The Guardian, July 24, 2015: TEXT | PICTURE

Spain Train Bombings Fast Facts. The March 2004 bombings of commuter trains in Spain, killed 191 people and injured more than 1,800 and constituted the deadliest terrorist attack in Spain's history. CNN Library, last updated March 4, 2016: TEXT | PICTURE

Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK)


U.S Department of State, Office of the Spokesperson. Delisting of the Mujahedin-e Khalq. Media Note, Washington, D.C., September 28, 2012: TEXT

Money vs. Facts: The Mujahedin-e Khalq Is a Terrorist Organization. By Reza Marashi, Huffington Post, May 15, 2012: TEXT





Real IRA 'is ninth richest terror group in the world.' According to a report from Forbes Israel, the dissident group, which now calls itself the IRA, has an income of around £32m, largely generated from smuggling and organised crime.By Amanda Ferguson, November 17, 2014. The Belfast telegraph: TEXT | PICTURE

Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (UK). Twentieth Report of the Independent Monitoring Commission. RIRA It continued to seek to obtain weapons from associates, criminals and from overseas as well as by manufacturing them itself. London, The Stationery Office, HC 1112 , November 10, 2008: PDF

Revolutionary Nuclei


> No recent activity to report when last updated

Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N)


U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Counterterrorism. Individuals and Entities Designated by the State Department Under E.O. 13224. Individuals Delisted by the Department of State: Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N) (Date Originally Listed: October 31, 2001 | Date Delisted: September 3, 2015). Washington, D.C.: TEXT

Central Intelligence Agency. Remembering CIA's Heroes: Richard S. Welch. Historical Document. Washington D.C. Posted: Jun 29, 2011: TEXT | PHOTO

Revolutionary Struggle (RS)


Fugitive terrorist describes failed prison break on web post. Fugitive terrorist Paula Roupa has described a failed attempt to break her partner Nikos Maziotis out of the Greek capital’s Korydallos Prison by helicopter. Ekathimerini, March 8, 2016: TEXT | PICTURES

Greek Police Arrest Terrorist Leader Nikos Maziotis. Nikos Maziotis, leader of the terrorist group Revolutionary Struggle, was arrested in the Athen's Monastiraki district after a shootout. By Nektaria Stamouli, Wall Street Journal, July 16, 2014: TEXT | PICTURE (Pinned)

U.S. Department of State, Office of the Spokesperson. Media Note: Terrorist Designations of Christodoulos Xiros and Nikolaos Maziotis. Washington, D.C., April 21, 2015: TEXT




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