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last updated 18-Aug-2020
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At least one top PMC or PSC is likely to be found in any conflict or post-conflict region where UN peacekeepers are or were recently deployed. PMCs and PSCs are likely to remain in those fractured regions well after any UN mission has been brought to an end. Whether protecting personnel or installations or facilitating the deployment of personnel and supplies, PMCs and PSCs work actually in partnership with the humanitarian community!
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UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)



What is peacekeeping? A= Peacekeeping has proven to be one of the most effective tools available to the UN to assist host countries navigate the difficult path from conflict to peace. MORE>>
Some key resources:
Statistics Reports Factsheet Past Operations Social Media Feed
[ For legal documents regarding the use, employment, and regulation of PMCs/PSCs, please visit our Regulation>United Nations page ]



MINURSO UN Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (April 1991 to present)
The mission allows for a transition period in which the people of Western Sahara can prepare for a referendum regarding the decision of whether the region should be integrated into Morocco or become independent.


MINUSCA UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (April 2014 to present)
As a result of the ongoing political and human rights crisis in the Central African Republic, MINUSCA was established. The mission's current key priority is the protection of civilians. The previous African-led International Support Mission in the Central African Republic (MISCA) transferred its authority over to MINUSCA in September 2014.


MINUSMA UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (April 2013 to present)
The mission was established to enhance security in Mali by focusing on a number of tasks, including the protection of civilians; supporting national political dialogue and reconciliation, assisting the re-establishment of state authority, and helping with the rebuilding of Mali's security sector.


MINUSTAH UN United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (June 2014 to present)
Following the completion of presidential elections in 2011, the mission has been working to fulfill its original mandate to restore a secure and stable environment. This follows the January 12, 2010, earthquake that killed around 200,000 people and the departure of President Bertrand Aristide for exile in the aftermath of an armed conflict.


MONUSCO UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (June 2010 to present)
The mission took over from the earlier United Nations Organization Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC). MONUSCO is focusing on a number of tasks, including using all necessary means to protect civilians and humanitarian personnel who find themselves under imminent threat of physical violence, and to support the DRC government in its stabilization and peace consolidation efforts.


UNAMA UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan ( March 2002 to present)
This is a political mission established by the Security Council at the request of the Afghan Government to assist it and the people of Afghanistan in laying the foundations for sustainable peace and development in the country. UNAMA's mandate was last renewed on March 17, 2014.


UNAMID African Union / United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur (July 2007 to present)
The mission has the protection of civilians as its core mandate. However, UNAMID is also involved in various tasks including , but is also tasked with contributing to security for humanitarian assistance, monitoring and verifying implementation of agreements, assisting an inclusive political process, contributing to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law, and monitoring and reporting on the situation along the borders with Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR).H


UNDOF UN United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (May 1974 to present)
After the Israel-Syria sector became increasingly unstable in 1974, the mission was established and has remained in the area to maintain the ceasefire between the Israeli and Syrian forces and to supervise the implementation of the disengagement agreement.


UNFICYP UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (March 1964 to present)
After the intensification of hostilities between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot in 1974, UNFICYP has remained on the island to supervise ceasefire lines, maintain a buffer zone, undertake humanitarian activities and support the good offices mission of the UN Secretary-General.


UNIFIL UN United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (March 1978 to present)
The mission was originally created to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon and restore peace in the area. Following the July-August 2006 crisis between the two countries, the mission was enhance. covering tasks such as monitoring the cessation of hostilities, supporting the Lebanese armed forces as they deploy throughout the south of Lebanon; and ensuring humanitarian access to civilian populations.


UNISFA UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (June 2011 to present)
Following the escalating tensions and violence in Sudan’s Abyei region. the missions was established to monitor the flashpoint region's border between north and south and facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid. UNISFA is authorized to use force in protecting civilians and humanitarian workers.


UNMIK UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (June 1999 to present)
Following the declaration of independence by the Kosovo authorities and the entry into force of a new constitution on June 15, 2008, UNMIK's tasks focus primarily on the promotion of security, stability and respect for human rights in Kosovo.


UNMIL UN Mission in Liberia (September 2003 to present)
The mission supports the implementation of the ceasefire agreement and the peace process in the country; protects UN staff, facilities and civilians; supports humanitarian and human rights activities; and assists in national security reform (including police training and the formation of restructured armed forces).


UNMISS UN Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (July 2011 to present)
After the UN determined that the situation faced by South Sudan, the newest country in the world, continued to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region, the mission was established n and established to consolidate peace and security and to help establish conditions for development.


UNMOGIP UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (January 1949 to present)
Following renewed hostilities in 1971 between India and Pakistan in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. the mission has remained in the area to observe developments pertaining to the strict observance of the ceasefire of December 17, 1971, and to report thereon to the UN Secretary-General.


UNOCI UN Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (April 2004 to present)
Following the 2010 Presidential election and the ensuing political crisis in Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), the mission has remained in the country to support the Ivorian Government in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of former combatants and on security sector reform, as well as to protect civilians and promote human rights.


UNTSO UN Truce Supervision Organization (May 1948 to present)
UNTSO was the first ever and remains the oldest UN peacekeeping operation. Headquartered in Jerusalem, the mission has remained in the Middle East to monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating and assist other UN peacekeeping operations in the region.


For documents on the activities of non-state actors in conflict zones, visit the LEGAL DOCUMENTS page



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