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last updated 18-Aug-2020
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Private military and private security activity, PMC/PSC regulation, accountability of security contractors, the banning of mercenary practices, and maritime security are some of the issues addressed by the legal documents and official reports listed in this section. Click here to return to the Frequently Consulted Documents page. Some links changed recently. They will be updated soon!


Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol 1). Adopted on 8 June 1977 by the Diplomatic Conference on the Reaffirmation and Development of International Humanitarian Law applicable in Armed Conflicts entry into force 7 December 1979, in accordance with Article 95 (Article 47.-Mercenaries):

International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries. General Assembly, 72nd plenary meeting [A/RES/44/34] 4 December 1989:

From the General Assebly official recod (links chage frequently in case not available anymore):
PDF English (UN) PDF French (UN) PDF Español (UN) PDF German (UN)
Html English (UN) Html unformatted (UNHCHR) Backup at permalink

Fact Sheet No. 28: The Impact of Mercenary Activities on the Right of People's to Self Determination: click here (PDF)

• Commission on Human Rights. Sixtieth session. Report by Mr. Enrique Bernales Ballestero, Special Rapporteur on the use of mercenaries as a means of impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination (E/CN.4/2004/1), 24 December 2003 [Summary report upon end of appointment as Rapporteur of Bernales ballesteros]: click here (PDF)

• Commission on Human Rights. Fifty-eight session. Report by Shaista Shameem, Special Rapporteur on the use of mercenaries as a means of impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination (E/CN.4/2005/14), 8 December 2004 [Firs report of Shameem as Special Rapporteu]:

• Working Group on the use of mercenaries as a means of violating human rights and impeding the exercise of the right of peoples to self-determination ANNUAL REPORTS [Supercedes the Special Rapporteu office] :

For links to UN missions or the website of Dr. Shaista Shameem visit the IOs page

Peace Agreements:

International Conflict Research (INCORE) - Conflict Data Service - Peace Agreements. The publication and widespread dissemination of recent peace accords has enormous merit. At INCORE you can access and download a selection of peace agreements.

The Global Compact. In an address to the World Economic Forum on 31 January 1999, the former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan, challenged business leaders to join an international initiative – the Global Compact – that would bring companies together with UN agencies, labour and civil society to support universal environmental and social principles.

- Today, thousands of companies from all regions of the world are engaged in the Global Compact, working to advance 10 UNIVERSAL PRINCIPLES in four areas:

> Human Rights > Labour > The Environment > Anti-corruption



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